Freshness That Can Taste
Our body is made up of cells, each one of which needs to be able to provide for its energy needs by taking up nutritional molecules from the bloodstream and chemically burning them as part of cellular metabolism.
When you sweat, your body doesn't just lose water -- it gets rid of electrolytes as well. Not replacing these electrolytes can lead to a drop in performance and dehydration.
Electrolytes are electrically-charged substances found in your urine, blood and other bodily fluids. They are needed to keep a healthy balance within the body. Electrolytes come in different forms, including chlorine, potassium, phosphate, magnesium, calcium and sodium. You must keep electrolytes balanced within your body to allow it to maintain proper water amounts in your body, balance blood acidity, allow for proper muscle action, and to allow other important processes to occur. Sweat releases electrolytes, so in order to replenish them, you must consume foods and drinks that contain electrolytes.
Role of Electrolytes
All living creatures require electrolytes to help balance the fluid levels between their cells and the surrounding extracellular environment. Electrolytes also help to regulate the pH of our blood, and the ability of our red blood cells to deliver oxygen throughout the body. They are also the substances responsible for conducting signals along our nerves and also within our muscles. Thus, electrolytes are essential for nerve and muscle function.
6 Major Electrolytes & Their Function
Here’s a closer look at the 6 major electrolytes:
1. Sodium (Na+)
2. Chloride (Cl-)
3. Potassium (K+)
4. Magnesium (Mg++)
5. Calcium (Ca++)
6. Phosphate (HPO4–)
An essential electrolyte for humans, sodium is responsible for controlling the total amount of water in the body. It is also important for regulating blood volume and maintaining muscle and nerve function.
The major negatively-charged ion (anion), chloride is primarily found in extracellular fluid and works closely with sodium to maintain proper balance and pressure of the various fluid compartments of the body (blood, inside cells, and the fluid between cells). It is also vitally important for maintaining proper acidity in the body, passively balancing out the positive ions of blood, tissue and organs.
The major cation inside cells and is hugely important for regulating heartbeat and muscle function. It forms the other half of the electrical pump that keeps electrolytes in balance and allows conductivity between cells, also making potassium a critical part of neuron transmission.
It plays an important role in the synthesis of both DNA and RNA, essential to every cell of every known living organism. The fourth most prevalent mineral in the human body, magnesium helps maintain normal nerve and muscle function, boosts the immune system, maintains stable heart rate, stabilizes blood sugar, and promotes the formation of bones and teeth.
Calcium is necessary for the formation of bones and teeth, but what you may not realize is that it’s also critical for transmission of nerve impulses, blood clotting, and muscle contraction. Being the most abundant mineral in your body, about 99% of all calcium is found in the skeletal structure, but your body also needs a balance in the bloodstream and other cells (especially muscle cells). If there is not enough calcium in your blood, it is taken from your bones to supplement the deficiency.
Phosphorus follows as the most abundant mineral in your body, 85% of which is found in your bones as phosphate. The phosphate anion works closely with calcium to strengthen bones and teeth, but it is also essential to energy production within cells, necessary for tissue growth and repair, and is a major building block for cell membranes and DNA.
Our bodies rely on a sophisticated buffering system to maintain proper pH levels. Lungs regulate the amount of carbon dioxide in the body, most of which is combined with water and converted to carbonic acid (H2CO3). This carbonic acid can then be quickly converted to bicarbonate (HCO3-), which is the key component in the pH buffer.
In general, the food that we eat will provide the electrolytes required by our bodies on a daily basis. In times of depletion, such as a prolonged illness with vomiting and diarrhea, or with prolonged strenuous exercise, it is a good idea to replenish essential electrolytes. This will help your body maintain its fluid balance , powders that can easily be mixed with water. It is important to always take in sufficient water with electrolytes to help your body maintain the balance. Dosing of electrolytes depends on your current need, but since they are so tightly regulated by your body, excess will simply be released. In general, it is a good idea to follow the dosing instructions provided by the manufacturer of each individual product.
Water is the best fluid for hydrating and regulating the body’s temperatures. When you consume water with electrolytes during exercise, you replenish the body quickly. Your body needs to have a certain amount of water and electrolytes daily. Working out and sweating a lot increases the amount needed of each.
The body works at its best when the blood has a 7.4 pH level. PH is the measure of acidity or alkalinity of your blood. In order to maintain the proper pH level, sodium and chloride electrolytes are needed. Without a healthy diet, your body’s pH level can suffer and drop to acidic levels. Levels 7.0 and higher are considered to be alkaline. In order to raise the pH level of the body, alkaline foods like fruits and vegetables can be consumed. These also contain healthy amounts of electrolytes.
Glucose is an important nutrient molecule that cells rely upon for energy, both as a component of diet and when stored for later use in the form of the carbohydrate molecule glycogen.
What is glucose?
Glucose is carbohydrate. If you consume foods that contained carbohydrate means you also consume glucose. Is glucose sugar? Well, glucose cannot be simply called as sugar but yes glucose is simple sugar or a monosaccharide and sometimes glucose also called dextrose. Simple explanation, sugar consists of glucose while glucose is one of the primary molecules that form it. Fructose and sucrose are also sugar but they are different from glucose though they are important for human’s health. Fructose is also carbohydrate, so in other words you could consume food consists of glucose and fructose and they are both called sugar.
The digestive process will free glucose from other sugar units obtained by carbohydrate that consumed. After that process, glucose will be absorbed into the blood stream and later used by cells to do whatever functions glucose is for.
Below is the list of benefits of glucose in human body:
1. Glucose as Energy Source
To support your daily activity you need energy. Without which you will easily get tired. So, how energy in your body is produced? You need glucose to produce energy and you need to consume carbohydrate for glucose. After glucose is freed through digestive system and absorbed into the blood stream, glucose will be turned into glycogen which will be stocked in the muscle. Glycogen will be turned into energy and if it is required it could be turned back into glucose
2. Glucose for Body Endurance
As mentioned above glucose is the source of energy. In other words, glucose also has significant role in maintain the body endurance. The more stock of glycogen you have in your muscle the more energy you have so you will have longer time before your body starts to feel the exhaustion.
4. Glucose as Energy Recovery
Glucose is not only needed to produce energy so you could do all the activity daily without the sign of exhaustion but glucose is also needed as part of the recovery. When you get home after a very long day at work, you still need glucose to recover your energy so you have enough energy to start your day tomorrow. During your resting time, glucose will rebuild and restock the glycogen in your cells that can be used again wherever you need it.
5. Glucose as Fuel
When doing exercise, you will require all of your body and muscle to move. The movement of muscle required glucose as the source of energy. Actually, to move your muscle also needs oxygen and when the oxygen stock in your body is less available, the only option left is glucose which is stocked in your muscle. Actually, those stocked glucose which is also well known as glycogen if it is not used regularly will be turned into fat that could cause weight gain.
Lifestyle is also important in making sure that glucose in your body will be absorbed optimally. Exercise is part of lifestyle but having regular schedule is also important like having enough sleep, reducing the alcohol consumption, eating regularly, avoiding too much snacking time could control the level of glucose in your body.
You also have good bacteria within and on your own body. Beneficial bacteria is necessary to properly digest food (especially starches) and to absorb nutrients. It plays a big role in overall immunity
How does Lactobacillus work in the body?
Many bacteria and other organisms live in our bodies normally. "Friendly" bacteria such as lactobacillus can help us break down food, absorb nutrients, and fight off "unfriendly" organisms that might cause diseases such as diarrhea
It helps in
· Equip your immune system to fight infection and harmful, disease-causing bugs
· Naturally reduce cholesterol and improve blood sugar
· Help shed excess weight
· Reinforce your gut barrier and help seal a leaky gut
· Help fight systemic inflammation